Architecture of ancient Armenia is one of brilliant pages of the history
of world architecture. Acquaintance to monuments of Armenia brings not only high
aesthetic pleasure, but also is extremely valuable for studying the development
of world architecture.
Armenia is the first country in the world to accept Christianity as the state
religion in 301. By the end of the 6 - 7 centuries, the construction of
Christian temples roughly began to develop. The architecture and inhabited
constructions has considerably changed. Approaches to cities were protected by
powerful strengthening and cities were surrounded by fortifications. In the big
monasteries book-depositories and other constructions were erected. The
prevailing form of small memorial constructions become a cross - stones,
khachqars, monuments characteristic only for Armenia.
Khachqars were erected for the most different occasions - a victory above the
enemy, a bookmark of the new bridge or a village.
The architecture of the Middle Ages has brought world glory and to masters of a
groove. Their great skill promoted that in 989, after the earthquake in
Byzantium, restoration of a dome of the main cathedral Over Sofia was trusted
Armenian architect Trdat.